Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya .


Sea Ports

  • The main port currently has 19 berths comprising of 1 bulk grain terminal, 2 oil terminals/jetties, 4 container berths and 12 general cargo berths. Recent investments in modernizing handling equipment, dredging of the main entrance channel and widening of the turning basin has enabled larger, modern post panamax vessels to call at the port. The container terminal has a total length of 840 meters after the commissioning of a 240 meter long berth number 19 in August, 2013. The container berths can now accommodate 3 post panama vessels, each of 250 meters at any given time, with draft of 12.5m.


  • The Port of Mombasa operates three Inland Container Depots (ICDs), dry ports for handling and storage of containerized cargo and empty containers. This service gives inland customers faster, more reliable service. KPA owns and operates three ICDs directly linked to the container terminal in Mombasa by rail. They are in Nairobi, Kisumu, and Eldoret.


  • Is a key entry and exit point for cargoes belonging to Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, D.R. Congo, Northern Tanzania, South Sudan and Ethiopia.


  • The Mombasa Container Terminal (MCT) has a design capacity of 250 000 TEUs and handles more than 40% of the total port’s traffic. The MCT capacity was long saturated for the current throughput reached 1,012,002, TEUS in 2014.
  • Dar es Salaam port is the Tanzania principal port with a rated capacity of 4.1 million (dwt) dry cargo and 6.0 million (dwt) bulk liquid cargo.


  • The Port has a total quay length of about 2,000 meters with eleven deep-water berths. It handles about 95% of the Tanzania international trade.


  • The port serves the landlocked countries of Malawi, Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda. The port is strategically placed to serve as a convenient freight linkage not only to and from East and Central Africa countries but also to middle and Far East, Europe, Australia and America.


  • The intrinsic capacity of the Port is General Cargo 3.1 million tonnes; Container 1.0 million tonnes (250,000 TEUs) and Liquid Bulk 6.0 million tonnes


  • Dar Container Terminal capacity was long saturated for the current through reached 476,733 TEUS per annum in 2011
  • Tanga is another port city in Tanzania located along the Indian Ocean coastline to the North of Dar Es Salaam the Tanzania business capital. The two cities are linked by a 354 km highway.
  • Tanga being a lighterage port, is the longest serving port in East Africa. It is a lighterage port with two shallow water berths. The visiting ocean going vessels are anchored at stream buoys being a maritime safety requirement. Tanga Port consists of a multi-purpose jetty, 12 anchorage berths and a Quay for lighterage and local shipping of 3.8m draft. The maximum draft permissible alongside the jetty is 11.0m. However the jetty is now no longer in use. The twelve anchorage ranges from 5.0m to 12.5m draft. The tanker berth has a maximum draft of 3.5m and uses a submarine pipeline to discharge fuel oil at a Quay berth.
  • The port was built between 1948 and 1954. Development of the deep water port was accompanied by railway construction from Mtwara and Nachingwea. With the failure of the groundnut scheme, the railway line fell into disuse and is now defunct.


  • The deep water quay is dredged to -9.8 meters chart datum. There are no tidal restrictions for vessels entering and leaving the harbour.


  • A sheltered anchorage exists in the inner bay (basin) with good holding ground of –20 meters. The basin can accommodate six vessels of 175 meters.


  • The port has a quay wall of 385 meters which can accommodate two ships and one coastal vessel at a time. The draught is 9.85 meters and with the introduction of new and more reliable solar powered navigational aids, the port will be accessible to ships during 24 hours.


  • Cargo handling equipment include 3 mobile cranes of 25 tonnes, 15 tonnes and 4 tonnes; 4 tractors, 18 trailers, 8 forklifts and 1 front loader of 7.5 tonnes which can be upgraded to 15 tonnes. Marine crafts available at the port are 1 pilot boat and 1 mooring boat. The port does not have specialized equipment for handling container traffic because the volume at present does not justify such investment


  • The port can handle 400,000 metric tonnes of imports and exports per annum. The port is mainly designed to handle conventional cargo. However it can handle up to 750,000 MT with the same number of berths if additional equipment are put in place for handling containerised traffic.
  • Malindi port is the main gateway for cargo to and from Zanzibar (both Unguja and Pemba Islands), it is of utmost importance for supplies as well as for the shipping of export cargo. The economic development of Zanzibar depends directly on the efficiency of the port. The port handles more than 90% of Zanzibar trade.
  • Frequent ferries make the crossing between the port of Dar-es-Salaam, on Tanzanian mainland, and Malindi port on Zanzibar. Hence Malindi port serves both cargo and passengers status.
  • The project starts with the construction of the initial three berths of the planned thirty two berths at the modern port of Lamu. The port will be three times the size of current Mombasa port at the more sheltered Manda Bay that is also large and deep enough to accommodate post-“Panamax” vessels. The three berths are designed to handle 30,000 Dead Weight Tonnage (DWT) and 100,000 DWT for general and bulk and container cargo respectively. The development of the berths is crucial for importation of building materials for the other project components.
  • Under the project, a 32-berth port will be built that will be connected to Ethiopia and South Sudan by a super-highway, a railway and a pipeline.
  • Lamu’s 32-berth port is expected to be five times larger than Kenya’s only other Indian Ocean port, Mombasa.
  • Mkoani port is the main port in Pemba managed by Zanzibar Ports Corporation (ZPC). It is situated about 40KM to the South of Chake Chake in the Southern Province of Pemba. The port handles passengers, general cargo and few containers for self geared ships.
  • The port has only two forklifts and an old crane with a capacity of 2.5 tons; two tractors are out of order. The port is not fenced and the container yard is not paved. The port jetty is under reinforcement and its extension to the sea allows accessibility all the time.
  • The jetty should be installed with lights to enable working during late hours. It is important to install at least one crane to reduce dependence on ships gear. The port being the gate way for Pemba Island, it is imperative to construct a container yard as soon as possible to facilitate handling of containerized cargo.
  • Wete port is situated in the Northern Province in Pemba. The port has a concrete jetty of about 60 meters long, an office block and small storage facility. It is imperative to invest more in the port especially on equipment to reduce the reliance on ships’ gear. Also the jetty requires expansion to enable it hand more than one ship at a time. The jetty has cracks which pose danger to people, cargo and the jetty itself.
  • The port is dedicated to handling of Petroleum products for the Pemba Island. Port facilities include: concrete jetty of about 20 meters long; two storage tanks; a pump house and electricity booster station.


  • The jetty is too short for a ship to dock during low tide, it needs to be elongated at list 5m more to enable it accommodate ships all the time. No electricity to enable operations at late hours. Since Pemba is now electrified by electricity from Tanzania mainland, it is no longer depending on generators hence, importation of fuel has declined. In view of this, there is a need of equipping the port to handle other cargo in addition to fuel.

Inland Ports

In practical terms, there are two ports in Mwanza, North Port, which houses the regional head office and specializes in passenger transportation. Four kilometers to the south is the Mwanza South Port which has specialized cargo transport facilities plus dry docks. Mwanza port is strategically locates within Mwanza City. It is a passenger and parcels specialized port.


  1. Quays:
  • Total quay length of about 100 meters with capacity to berth two vessels.
  • A ramp for landing crafts.
  • Depths vary depending on the water level
  • Structure, finger type with concrete walls and metal embankments at the base.


      2.Handling Equipment

  • A forklift is available

  3.Warehousing and storage facilities.-

  • One goods shed with capacity of 4000 cubic meters
  • A building used for tracking, cargo shed and facilities for customs and provision of medical services
  • Passenger facility, two waiting lounges for lower class and upper class with capacity to accommodate 1300 passengers
  • Four fuel storage tanks of 54,000 litres each.
  • A three story building former MSC headquarters building
  • The port has a railway siding and is fenced.

Inland water transport infrastructure on Lake Victoria comprises port facilities at Kisumu and in the other ancillary ports. At Kisumu, the port infrastructure and superstructure consist of the following:-


  1. A 260 meters long main cargo quay equipped with four berths and two marginal wharves;
  2. A cargo shed covering a total area of 4,000 square feet, with a rail on each side
  3. A passenger quay of 100 meters in length
  4. An 18 meters wide terminal for wagon with a span bridge measuring 28 meters. This links the rail wagon ferries to the land based railway system. It serves both local and international marine vessels.
  5. A total fenced are of measuring 6,400 square meters allocates to shipyard activities
  6. A repair workshop
  7. One dredging equipment that is not in working condition for some years.
  8. One slip way measuring 100 meters and another measuring 60 meters
  9. An oil jetty that was built in 1949 for oil exports
  10. A dry dock measuring 217meteres long and 100 meters wide, and 5m deep, and
  11. An administration building and customs warehouses
The port is located about two kilometers from Bukoba town center and specialized to handle passengers and parcels. The terminal handles on the average about 135,000 passengers and 50,000 tonnes of cargo per annum.a. Quays

·       It has three quays whose total length of about 120 meters, depth of three meters and a ramp for landing crafts.

·       The jetty is finger type with interlocking battens. A breakwater 120 meters long is made of stacked blocks of concrete, protects the port from winds and waves. A concrete platform, possible to offload ro-ro equipment. There is no platform for ferries

·       The concrete cover needs urgent repairs while water breaker has been damaged by water


b. Warehousing Area

The total storage area is about 140,000 square meters allocated for passengers and for workshop. There are five covered and fenced warehouses with a total area of 2190 square meters. Some of the warehouses are leased out to private companies such as the Tanzania Breweries to facilitate supply chain logistics in the Kagera region.

c. Handling Equipment

In theory there are three tractors and mobile cranes, in practice however, only one tractor is working.

d. Other facilities

  • The port has electricity from TANESCO
  • Radio communication exists, both HF and VHF
  • Telephone network exists


A new port situated about 20km, to the south, was constructed to alleviate flooding problems experienced at the small port of Bukoba following the heavy rains in 1962. The port was opened to commercial activities since 1979. Its operations are both national and international in nature. It was constructed in a perfectly sheltered bay. Its operations are both national and international in nature. The legal authorities are represented there

a. Quays

  • Years of construction : 1971 – 1974
  • Three quays with total length of 134 meters, with one of them being a massive concrete built in alignment to enable bigger ships to dock


  • Depth: The wreck of civil works platform that sank thirty meters from quay is dangerous to navigation. The depth varies depending on the level of the lake waters.
  • Structure: “Finger type” jetty with a base covered with stones and with beams up to the quay height, gangway for ferries with gargoyles for docking at the heard of a jetty and the platform in concrete. The port is able to receive all the ships that navigate on the lake, except the petroleum tanker.


  • Condition: Its general basic condition is good because it was constructed recently.         Lack in maintenance is being heavily felt, lack of protection measures, ferries gangways not overhauled be it mechanically or electrically, ferries docking capstan has broken down, wooden access ramp in poor state. This however is a generalized situation around the lake.

b. Warehousing Area

The Total port area: More than 4600 m2 fenced of which:-

·       1,600m2 of mixed earth platform, concrete, tarmac, gravel

·       352m2 of cattle pen

·       600m2 for passenger terminal

·       800m2 for warehouse No.1, general good condition, access ramp, loading platform, links to the rail covered are and fenced area

·       700m2 for warehouse N0.2 general good condition, platform and connection to the rail

·       500m2 for warehouse no3 poor state, not watertight, unused, invaded by vegetation

·       120m2 for workshop and guestrooms for the maintenance staff in transit.

·       The fence is in good condition and actually separates the passengers from handling activities, a unique fact on the lake.

·       Three additional warehouses constructed outside the port premises are partially rented to co-operatives of coffee producers.   They respectively have 500m2, 500m2, and 400m2 and are in good conditions. The rent charges were low but TPA has set out a new tariff for services offered by the newly acquired ports on Lake Victoria.



The port, located within Musoma town was constructed after the floods of 1962. In theory, the port is open to both national and international traffics in goods and passengers. In practice however the port is idle.

  1. Quays
  • Length: Two quays with total length of 160 meters
  • Depth: About 5 meters deep but varies depending on the water level in the in the bay
  • Structure: Finger type with metal embankment and concrete walls and a ferry ramp at the head of the jetty
  • Loading ramp, only one
  • Condition: the quay has been neglected and rotting away


b. Other facilities include:-

  • Goods shed with a capacity of 4,000 cubic meters
  • Two shelters for passengers waiting and customs examination
  • Port office building and booking office
  • Portion of the port is fenced
  • There is an oil jetty which is now operated by GAPCO


c. Other Services

  • Provision for tap water exists
  • The port has electricity from TANESCO
  • Radio communication exists, both HF and VHF
  • Telephone network exists

Two flood lights towers, not working

The port is situated 9 km from Kampala, the capital of Uganda. It is Uganda’s main port on Lake Victoria, the other one being Jinja. It is open to ferry and general merchandise traffics.   It used to be under the management of Uganda Railways Corporation (URC) until the RVR took it as part of the concession, in November, 2006. The port is also used as a shipyard as well as center for naval fleet repairs. The port is open to local, national and international traffics.

a. Quays

  • The port was rehabilitated for the last time         in 1992
  • Length: There are two quays with a total length of 160 meters
  • Depth: The depth varies depending on the level of the lake.
  • Structure: Finger type jetty with a stone cover at the base, beams in the docking area and cover of concrete blocks. A platform for ferries with gargoyle for docking and gangway at the head complete the equipment. There is no ramp for conventional “Ro-or” such as landing crafts.


  • Condition: The concrete cover is in good state in general. The cover of main drainpipe is incomplete and is a real danger. The platform was severely damaged by rough maneuvers of docking ships.         Cracks in the concrete wall and lack of protection measures require urgent action. The damages are due to hard maneuvers by the presence of bundles of water hyacinth. The platform for ferries needs a general overhaul.


This port is strategically located within Kigoma town and is specialized for transit cargo for Congo and Burundi.   Depth at quay is three meters and quay length of about 31 meters and with capacity to berth three big vessels of the size plying in Lake Tanganyika. The terminal has designed capacity to handle 500,000 tonnes but currently handles an average of about 200,000 tonnes of cargo per annum

a. Other facilities at the port include

·       Container terminal are 3.745 square meters

·       Open space for staking containers 10,000 square meters

·       Two warehouses

·       Three portal cranes of three tons each and one container gantry crane with capacity to handle 35 tonnes

·       Main office (two story building)

·       Immigration and customs building

·       Two mobile cranes and fork lifts

·       One Reach stacker

·       The port has a siding and is well fenced

b. Other services

·       Provision to tap water exists

·       The port has electricity from TANESCO. There is a standby generator

·       Radio communication exists both HF and VHF

·       Telephone network exists


The Port of Mpulungu is situated at the southern tip of Lake Tanganyika in the North of Zambia. It was built around 1930 as a fishing berth. It is a public port owned and operated by the Government through the Mpulungu Harbour Corporation Limited. Lake Tanganyika is the only inland waterway for Zambia that connects it with the Great Lakes Region (Burundi, Tanzania, DR Congo and beyond to Rwanda, Uganda and Kenya) currently used for commercial shipping. The vessels which call in the port also call in the ports of Bujumbura (Burundi), Kigoma and Kasanga (Tanzania), Kalemie (DR Congo) and other numerous small ports on the shores of the Lake. Land access is by road and there are plans to connect the port to Kasama (Nseluka) by railway. The port has been designated by both SADC and COMESA as a regional Port.The port has four (4) quays/jetties for cargo handling:

(i)               Main Quay

(ii)             Oil Jetty

(iii)           East Jetty

(iv)            West Jetty and

(v)             A Small Bay where tug-boats/canoes operate.

The port lacks sufficient storage capacity. The present total warehousing space available is 7,500mt. It is in light of this that feasibility studies are being undertaken to refurbish/rehabilitate Sheds 4 and 5 in order to increase the storage capacity to 12,500mt.

Itungi Port, like other Tanzania inland ports is managed by Tanzania ports Authority since 2006. The port is located to the North of Lake Nyasa in Kyela District connected to the South through Manda, Liuli and Mbamba Bay ports.

Currently, the port cannot receive any ship/boat because the entrance to the port has been blocked by silts. It is only administrative matters taking place at Itungi while port operations are taking place at Kiwira Port which is about six kilometers to the south. However, Kiwira port has no jetty, passenger steps into water when embarking or disembarking from the ship which is not safe at all. Also Kajunjumele road (about 6km) connecting this port to Kyela is a bad condition. It is imperative for the Government to construct this road to bitumen standard to make it passable all seasons in a year because of its importance to people living around the lake who depend on water transport.



                  PORTS STATISTICS


Dar es Salaam and Mombasa Ports Cargo throughput for the period 2009 – 2014

Containerized Cargo throughput in TEUs
Year/port 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Dar es Salaam 341,394 359,010 439,464 507,185 577,047 641,728
Mombasa 618,816 695,600 770,804 903,463 894,000 1,012,002
Total 960,210 1,054,610 1,210,268 1,410,648 1,447,052 1,653,730 
All Cargo throughput in deadweight (000’dwt)
Year/port 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Dar es Salaam 8,102 9,084 10,390 12,051 13,516 14,281
Mombasa 19,062 18,934 19,953 21,920 22,307 24,875
Total 27,164 28,018 30,343 33,971 35,823 39,156

Source: TPA and KPA

Dar and Mombasa compared to World Containerised Cargo in Millions Metric Tons (2009 -2014)

  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
World 1,127 1,275 1,421 1,480 1,578
Mombasa 6.038 6.809 7.563 8.580 8.664 9.315
Dar 3.214 3.388 4.304 5.102 5.465 6.715

The volume for our ports is so small compared to the world volume to point that it isn’t easy to plot a graph